Kids at this age are changing rapidly. We don’t often hear how we should be exercising as it is very difficult to control. The most important thing here is to get them moving at the pace and developmental stage that they are at. So here are a few exercises you can assist with their development.
Using toys and, I hate to say it, screens is a great way to assist with this stage of development. Place them on their back, hold the toy to one side and then slowly move it up above their shoulder. As they track it, come around the other side. You may need to assist them onto their elbows and then when you return move their arms out of the way.
Tummy time is such a big developmental stage and let’s be honest they mostly hate it. Here are some tips to assist.
- Get down on the floor with them
- Have them lying on you, in between your legs or on your tummy
- Have toys in front on them for them to play with
- Every nappy and bath time get them onto their tummy to clean and cream their bottom.
Pulling up at nappy table
The neck strength and head control are a never-ending battle in those first few months. Every time you change their nappy at around 3 months, pull them up from lying to sitting with their hands. Repeat x 5. Go nice and slowly and let their neck do the work.
When they progress to wanting to stand. Progress this exercise to lying on the nappy table and coming up to standing to have a cuddle with you.
Once we are up we are up. Tease the little gem by popping the bottle or a favourite toy, or the remote a metre away so that he starts to reach out and he will start to lift one leg and gradually start to move along. Move all sharp object out of the way and just sit closely to keep an eye on him while he plays with this new method of exploring.
Walking behind a trolley
Once he is standing up on furniture you can use a trolley or walking toy for him to balance up to when standing. Or even your hands to start with. Move the trolley back a few centermeters and get them to lean into it and pick up a leg.
Holding bubby’s hands or having him hold a piece of furniture, slowly get him to lower and stand up again. They should do this on their own and you can just support and pop toys around them to reach out for. Try x5 3 times a day.
|8 Weeks Old||Gross Motor||When pulled to sit, head lag is present but not complete. Able to hold head momentarily upright when supported sitting. When suspended print holds head in line with body|
|Vision and fine motor||When lying supine follows face from 90deg through to 180deg (remove noise distraction) Hands often open, grasp reflex weak|
|Social Skills & Understanding||Responsive social smiling|
|Seeks advice if..||Sucking or swallowing with difficulty from nipple or teat|
|6 Months Old||Gross Motor||Spontaneously lifts head from bed when supine No head lag when pulled to sit, back straight. When prone, lifts chest on extended arms|
|Vision and fine motor||Use whole hand in palmar grasp Holds one block in both hands and transfers objects from one hand to the other Puts objects to mouth|
|Social Skills & Understanding||Laughs Squeals Shouts to get attention Increasing reserve with strangers Plays peek a-boo games|
|Seeks advice if..||No vocalisation Head lag persists|
Up to 24 months:
- Crawls skill-fully and quickly
- Stands alone with feet spread apart, legs stiffened, and arms extended for support
- Gets to feet unaided
- Can walk unassisted near the end of this period; falls often; is not always able to maneuver around obstacles, such as furniture or toys
- Uses furniture to lower self to floor; collapses backwards into a sitting position, or falls forward on hands and then sits
- Enjoys pushing or pulling toys while walking
- Repeatedly picks up objects and throws them; direction becomes more deliberate
- Attempts to run; has difficulty stopping and usually just drops to the floor
- Crawls up stairs on all fours; goes down stairs in same position
- Enjoys crayons and markers for scribbling; uses whole-arm movement
- Helps feed self; enjoys holding a spoon (often upside down) and drinking from a glass or cup; not always accurate in getting utensils into mouth; frequent spills should be expected
- Helps turn the pages in book
- Stacks two to six objects per day